Samsung S5 и S4 можно сбросить к заводским настройкам с помощью WAP-сообщения.

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Исследователи компании Context Information Security подробно рассказали о ряде проблем, которые были обнаружены ими в смартфонах Samsung. Специалисты пишут, что аппараты Samsung S5 и S4 можно сбросить к заводской конфигурации (попутно уничтожив пользовательские данные) при помощи обычного текстового сообщения. При этом атака опирается на проблемы в Android, так что, вероятнее всего, уязвимости могут представлять угрозу и для устройств других производителей.

Проблемы, уже исправленные разработчиками Samsung, напрямую связаны с использованием WAP-сообщений. Получив такое «послание» уязвимый аппарат немедленно выполнит пришедшую команду, пользователю даже не понадобится нажимать на какие-то ссылки и что-либо скачивать. Исследователи отмечают, что на более новые устройства, Samsung Galaxy S6 и S7, проблема уже не распространяется.

Детали о найденных уязвимостях исследователи изложили в цикле из трех подробных статей (1, 2, 3). Специалисты скомбинировали два бага, чтобы осуществить удаленную DoS-атаку на уязвимые аппараты, которая в итоге приводит к сбросу до заводских настроек на нерутованных аппаратах. Пользователи рутованных устройств могут избавиться от вредоносного файла конфигурации при помощи adb, удалив default_ap.conf.

Согласно сообщениям исследователей, проблемы были найдены еще летом 2016 года, а патч для них представили в ноябре 2016 года. В своих статьях специалисты перечисляют следующие уязвимости:

  • SVE-2016-6542 (собственный идентификатор Samsung);
  • CVE-2016-7988 – отсутствие разрешений для SET_WIFI Broadcast receiver;
  • CVE-2016-7989 – необработанное исключение ArrayIndexOutOfBounds в Android Runtime;
  • CVE-2016-7990 – переполнение целочисленного значения в libomacp.so;
  • CVE-2016-7991 – omacp приложение игнорирует поля безопасности в OMA CP сообщении.

«Учитывая, что отреверсить данную атаку нетрудно, не нужно богатое воображение, чтобы представить потенциальный вымогательский сценарий, задействующий эти баги», — говорят эксперты Context, но не раскрывают деталей и предлагают хакерам создавать эксплоиты самостоятельно.

Источник — xakep.ru

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